Administrative Detainees

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ADMINISTRATIVE DETAINEES

February 2016

Administrative detention (AD) is a procedure that allows Israeli occupation forces to hold prisoners indefinitely on secret information without charging them or allowing them to stand trial. The secret information or evidence cannot be accessed by the detainee nor his lawyer, and can according to Israeli military orders, an administrative detention order can be renewed for an unlimited time. The court issues an administrative detention order for a maximum period of six months, subject to renewal. Palestinians have been subjected to administrative detention since the beginning of the Israeli Occupation in 1967 and before that time, under the British Mandate. The frequency of the use of administrative detention has fluctuated throughout Israel’s occupation and has been steadily rising since the outbreak of the second intifada in September 2000.

The practice of Administrative detention is linked to the political situation in occupied Palestine, and the Palestinian movement that protests against the continued Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories occupied in 1967. Administrative detention is a punitive measure and is a political action that reflects the Israeli occupation’s official policy against Palestinians. Although the use of administrative detention in a widespread and systemic manner is prohibited under international law, the Israeli occupation uses administrative detention as a tool for collective punishment against Palestinians.  The occupation continues to issue administrative detention orders against various segments of the Palestinian society in the West Bank including human rights activists, university students, lawyers, mothers of detainees and business people. 

Palestinians have been subjected to administrative detention since the beginning of the Israeli Occupation in 1967 and before that time, under the British Mandate. The frequency of the use of administrative detention has fluctuated throughout Israel’s occupation and has been steadily rising since the outbreak of the second intifada in September 2000.

On the eve of the second intifada, Israel held 12 Palestinians in administrative detention. Only two years later, in late 2002 - early 2003, there were over 1000 Palestinians in administrative detention. Between 2005 and 2007, the average monthly number of Palestinian administrative detainees held by Israel remained stable at approximately 765. Since then, as the situation on the ground stabilized and violence tapered off, the number of administrative detainees has generally decreased every year.

As of February 2016, there were at least 670 administrative detainees in Israeli prisons, who are being held without charge or trial for an indefinite period of time, two of whom are members of the Palestinian Legislative Council.

ADMINISTRATIVE DETENTION IN NUMBERS

Total number of administrative detainees in Israeli custody at the beginning of the month since January 2001 until February 2016. (Statistics are based on reports from the Israeli Prison Service, via B’Tselem, and on Addameer documentation)

Year

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

2001

16

16

15

12

12

13

10

17

-

27

31

34

2002

36

-

44

111

681

929

943

813

867

878

936

960

2003

1007

1107

1127

1140

1107

952

785

700

528

553

679

649

2004

657

628

630

644

703

747

760

751

781

-

858

863

2005

870

704

647

604

596

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2006

794

-

-

-

-

-

750

-

708

703

738

783

2007

814

788

776

790

761

730

691

651

599

578

569

546

2008

813

788

776

790

776

738

692

649

604

583

569

546

2009

564

549

540

506

500

440

392

361

335

324

291

278

2010

264

259

237

222

211

203

200

-

190

212

214

207

2011

207

221

214

218

221

229

-

243

272

286

278

283

2012

310

309

320

322

308

303

285

250

212

184

156

178

2013

178

178

170

168

156

156

136

134

137

135

145

145

2014

155

175

183

186

192

-

-

-

500

500

530

465

2015

450

454

426

414

401

480

400

350

343

450

545

660

2016

650

670

                   
 

DETENTION CONDITIONS

Palestinians in Israeli administrative detention are now held under the jurisdiction of the Israeli Prison Service (IPS) and not the Israeli army, as was the case up to 2005. Administrative detainees in Israeli prisons are not separated from the rest of the prison population, without arrangements for food appropriate to their culture and/or religion and to allow them to practice their faiths. Prison personnel in most of the cases do not receive specific training on how to deal with administrative detainees and on international law regarding administrative detainees. Administrative detainees in Israel must endure severe restrictions on their right to education, rights to communicate with families and receive visits, and right to adequate medical treatment.

At present, administrative detainees are primarily held in three Israeli prison facilities, all but one of which is located in 1948 territory:

  1. Ofer Prison (located inside Ofer Military Base, south of Ramallah)
  2. Ketziot Prison (also known as Ansar or Negev Prison; located in the Negev Desert, five kilometers from the border with Egypt)
  3. Megiddo Prison (located inside a military base on the main Jenin-Haifa road)

 

Relevant Prisoner Profiles

General

Samer Al-Barq
Khader Adnan
Walid Hanatsheh
Ahmad al-Ewiwi
Mohammad Suleiman
Ahmad Qatamish
Ayed Dudeen
Mazen Natsheh
Arafat Daoud
Saleh al-'Arouri
Eteraf Rimawi
Ghassan Zawahreh
Salim Ayesh
Ali Jaradat
Loai Ashqar
Ismat Hassan

PLC Members

Mohammad al-Natsheh
Mahmoud al-Ramahi
Basim Za'rir
Khaled Dweib
Hatem Qafisha

Women

Linan Abu Ghulmeh
Hana Shalabi
Kifah Qatash
Raja' al-Ghoul
Majeda Fidda
Siham al-Heh

Children

Moatasem Muzher
Emad al-Ashhab
Salwa Salah
Sarah Siureh
Hamdi Tamri
Rami Shelnayeh