Khitam Khatib

Name: Khitam Isamael Mohammad Khatib

Date of Birth: 13 September 1964

Age: 57 Years Old

Address: Betunia- Ramallah   

Marital Status: Married

Profession: Social Worker, and Teacher

Date of Arrest: 2 November 2020 

Prison: Damon Prison 

Legal Status: Administrative Detention 

 

Current Detention:

On 2 November 2020, the Israeli Occupying Forces stormed Khitam Sa’afin’s home at around 2am, arresting Khitam and transferring her by military jeep to Ofer military base. She was subjected to a thorough search before she was transferred to the interrogation. Afterwards, Khitam was transferred to Hasharon prison, tested for COVID-19, and spent 10 days in quarantine. She was initially placed in a cell with cameras before being transferred to another. Along with the other prisoners, Khitam was subjected to harassment during her detention in Hasharon. After the quarantine period, Khitam was transferred to Damoun prison, where 41 prisoners are held

On 8 November 2020, the military commander issued an administrative detention order against Khitam for 6 months, ending on 1 May 2021. A confirmation session was held on 11 October 2020, where the judge claimed that the military commander issued the administrative detention order due to Khitam’s active work in the banned Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, thus posing a threat to the security of the region.

The military judge claimed that the intelligence could not be disclosed in order not to harm the security of the area and kept the evidence secret. Moreover, he claimed that the issuance of an administrative detention order was to preserve the security of the area, and that Khitam’s release would constitute a danger, but decided to shorten the administrative detention order, insignificantly, by claiming to tighten judicial oversight throughout her detention. The military judge concluded that administrative detention is the only way to ward off danger emanating from the detainees, and, accordingly, shortened the detention order to two months, to expire on 1 March 2021.

Addameer’s lawyer appealed the confirmation decision, and in return, the military prosecution appealed the judge's decision to shorten the administrative detention order for two months. The court’s decision on both appeals was issued on 20 December 2020, where both appeals were rejected, so that the court maintains its decision to shorten the administrative detention order to expire on 1 March, in an insignificant manner.

Days before the expiry of the first administrative detention order, the occupation authorities renewed the administrative detention order against Khitam for a period of four months, which could be extended indefinitely. The military court confirmed her detention for the entirety of the additional 4 months.

On 31 May 2021, after the renewal of the administrative detention order for the third consecutive time, Khitam was brought before Ofer military court, which further extended her detention for continued interrogation.

Thereafter, on 8 June 2021, the Israeli military prosecutor submitted an indictment against Khitam including charges alleging her holding a position and participating in meetings in an organization deemed illegal under Israeli military orders, along with participating in public and national events.

On 22 July 2021, Khitam’s administrative detention order was cancelled following the indictment brought against her, thus transferring her status to an under-trial detainee. Khitam will be tried according to the indictment, pending her next trial. 

Khitam is currently held under administrative detention in Damoun prison with the rest of the Palestinian female prisoners.

 

Previous Arrests:

On the morning of 2 July 2017, Khitam and her family were awoken at around 2:30AM by the sound of banging on the door. She opened it, and the Israeli Occupation Forces entered the house without explanation. The soldiers held her in a room where, after a female soldier searched her, an officer came and started asking her questions. Following a brief interrogation, she was told that they were there to arrest her. No warrant was produced, nor was a reason given. Khitam changed her clothes and said goodbye to her husband only, thinking that her daughter Amal was still asleep. However, Amal was awake and heard the soldiers ask about Omar (her brother) many times, so she thought they were to arrest him instead of her mother. Amal recounted the experience, “I did not know what to do, I was in my room changing my clothes in order to get out and see what was going on, but the arrest process took only fifteen minutes. By the time I got out of my room, my mother was already taken.”

The soldiers took her to the military vehicle outside her home, where she was shackled and forced inside. Khitam reported that the vehicle stopped twice while she was in it (later she found out that they stopped to arrest PLC member Khalida Jarrar, and Mr. Ihad Masoud). More than an hour later, the soldiers informed her that they had reached Ofer military base. She was kept waiting for two hours in a small room until the prison doctor came to test her blood pressure and pulse. Another hour passed until Khitam’s interrogation began. Finally, following an hour of interrogation, then they took her fingerprints, DNA and photos and she was transferred to HaSharon prison.

Khitam the activist

Khitam is known for her commitment to equality for women, and her activities as a social worker. She has been the president of the Palestinian Women Union Committee since 2010, a member of the General Union of Palestinian Women General Secretariat, and a member of the Regional Coalition for Women Human Rights Defenders in Middle East and North Africa. She has been an outspoken advocate in regard to civil and political rights for, with an emphasis on the basic rights of women. As such, Khitam has been a voice for underprivileged Palestinian women in regard to social issues on the national level. Khitam believes that the freedom of women is parallel to the freedom of the Palestinian people.

Away from her family

Amal, Khitam’s oldest daughter, recounts that “the hardest part about my mother’s detention is that we can’t get used to her absence! She was only detained once for a day in the eighties. We have never lived this experience before, and my father’s last arrest was in 1993.” Amal added, “my mother has high spirits despite the detention. She fills her time in the prison by reading and teaching younger female prisoners. She has been able to adapt with her detention.”

Khitam is married to Mr. Ali Fares, who has been detained by the occupation forces multiple times. She is a mother of three; Amal, Dina (who is married and has a daughter, Jana- Khitam’s first granddaughter), and Omar, the youngest who is currently studying abroad.

Her husband and two daughters were allowed to visit her for the first time on 4 September 2017. During the visit, she kept asking about Jana, expressing how much she misses her and being with them. On 18 September 2017, Khitam’s daughters visited her again and she told them that she spends her time reading and teaching, asking them to bring books whenever they can. 

Inside the prison

Khitam is currently held at HaSharon prison with other female prisoners, who are distributed between HaSharon and Damon prisons. She is living with four other women in one room and teaches the young girls Mathematics, science and  management, in order to help them pass the Secondary School Examinations (Tawjihi).

Khitam has continud her role as a mentor, and social worker inside the prison. She encourages the young prisoners to continue their education and develop themselves conditions in order to achieve their ambitions when they are released. 

Khitam is supposed to be released on 1 October 2017. However, being under administrative detention makes her detention period renewable unlimitedly. Despite that, she keeps her spirits high and is ready to face the future, freed or renewed, she will remain strong.

Administartive detention

Khitam Saafin was arrested from her home in Betunia near Ramallah. On 5 July 2017, three days after her arrest, she was brought to Ofer military Court from HaSharon prison. As a result of the hearing, her detention for 72 more hours in order to explore the possibility of issuing an administrative detention order. On 9 July 2017, a three-month administrative detention order was issued against her. It was confirmed by a military court on 12 July 2017. The military prosecution claimed that Khitam is an active member of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), and requested that the court confirm the three-month order based on this accusation. Her lawyer denied such claims, stating that she is a mother of three children, has never been arrested, and that there is no logic behind such claims. The lawyer also informed the court that Khitam used to be a teacher, and that all of her activities fall within her role as either a teacher or a social worker. In addition to this, she was at no time interrogated or questioned about any of her activities or affiliations. Based on his statement, the lawyer requested the cancellation of the administrative detention order.

The judge agreed on the fact that she was not interrogated about the information in her secret file, and that it was not enough to prove the claims against her. However, he stated that the information in the secret file confirmed that she is an active member in PFLP and plays a leading role within the political party. As such, the order was confirmed.

Her lawyer appealed the court’s decision. The hearing was held on 6 August 2017 where the judge confirmed that he reviewed the secret information, concluded that Khitam is a member of PFLP, and claimed that he can’t release the secret information. The judge saw that Khitam’s administrative detention is necessary to maintain the security of the area. He also stated that the detention period is logical and that there is no need to interrogate the detainee in regards with the secret information against her. Thus, he rejected the appeal.

Khitam’s file clearly shows that the court does not legally review the administrative detention orders issued by the prosecution; but it just reviews the secret information and confirms the orders without investigating the data. Meaning that, despite the judge’s statement that Khitam’s interrogation did not conform the material against her, he decided to confirm the order without giving the detainee her right to defend herself and without investigating the truthfulness of the prosecution’s claims. 

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